Battery Calculator for Car Audio Systems

If there are other types of cells that you would like added to the prefill dropdown, please feel free to send us a message through our contact form and we will add them to the list as soon as possible.

If you have never built a car audio battery before, please read the information we've laid out at the bottom of this tool

Step One: Select your cell type

Select the type of cell you want to use for your car audio battery system to pre-fill the cell information section of the calculator.

* We are going to be adding more cell types in the future. If you have a cell type you would like added to the tool, send us a message.

Step Two: Desired system information

Fill in the following information to calculate the required number of cells and configuration for your desired car audio battery system


Step Three: Cell information

Enter the data on the cells that you want to use for your system.

We recommend NOT running Headway cells higher than 5C. The lower the C rate, the less the voltage drop will be and the longer the cells will last.

Car Audio Battery Planner Information

When building a lithium car audio battery, there are several important factors to consider to ensure the battery performs well and meets your specific requirements. Using our car audio battery calculator will help address most of these points. Here are six key points to keep in mind:

  1. Battery Chemistry:

    Choose the right lithium battery chemistry for your car audio system. Lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries are commonly used in car audio applications due to their high energy density, long cycle life, and safety features. The perfect example of this is the 38120 Headway cell, they are the go-to choice for car audio battery banks. They are less prone to thermal runaway compared to other lithium-ion chemistries.
  2. Capacity:

    Determine the required battery capacity (measured in ampere-hours, Ah) of the battery to power your car audio system adequately. Consider the power consumption of your audio equipment, how long you want it to operate, and any other devices (e.g., amplifiers, subwoofers) that will draw power from the battery.
  3. Discharge Rating (C-rating):

    The discharge rating, often expressed as a C-rating (e.g., 1C, 2C, 3C), represents how quickly the battery can deliver its stored energy without significant voltage drop or damage. In the context of car audio systems, a higher C-rating is generally desirable, as it allows the battery to provide the necessary power for peak audio demands. To determine the overall pack amperage rating, you will take the individual amperage rating of a cell and multiply it by the number of cells in parallel.
    • High C-rating: A lithium battery with a high C-rating can deliver more power rapidly, making it suitable for applications with high peak power demands, such as bass-heavy audio systems or amplifiers with sudden surges in power consumption during loud music playback.
    • Low C-rating: If your car audio system has relatively stable power requirements and doesn't demand quick surges of energy, a battery with a lower C-rating may suffice. However, keep in mind that lower C-rated batteries may struggle to meet sudden spikes in power demand causing voltage to drop too low.
  4. Physical Size and Form Factor:

    Ensure that the physical size and form factor of the lithium battery fit within the available space in your vehicle. The first step to getting a rough estimate on battery pack size is to determine how many cells are in series and how many will be in parallel. Once you have that you can use the dimensions of each cell to approximate the total size of the battery bank. Car audio batteries come in various sizes and shapes, so choose one that fits your installation requirements.
  5. Voltage Compatibility:

    Verify that the voltage output of the lithium battery matches the voltage requirements of your car audio equipment. To determine voltage you would need to know the max voltage of an individual cell multiplied by the number of cells in series In addition to this, you need to know the output voltage of your car alternator to make sure it doesnt exceed your battery pack's voltage. Most car audio systems operate on 12 volts, but some high-end systems may require different voltage levels.
  6. Safety and Management:

    Safety is crucial when working with lithium batteries. Consider incorporating a Battery Management System (BMS) that provides protection against overcharging, over-discharging, short-circuiting, and thermal issues. A BMS also helps balance individual cells within the battery pack, ensuring uniform performance and longevity.

Additionally, pay attention to factors like battery life, discharge rate (C-rating), charge rating, and rechargeability. It's essential to maintain and charge the battery properly to extend its lifespan and avoid any potential safety hazards.

Before building your lithium car audio battery, it's a good idea to consult with experts or professionals who specialize in car audio systems to ensure you select the right components and design for your specific needs. Our web-based car audio battery calculator can help with most of the planning stages of your bank, there are some good Facebook groups to join to learn more.